Sift: A MAC Protocol for Event-Driven Wireless Sensor Networks
Nodes in sensor networks often encounter spatially-correlated contention, where multiple nodes in the same neighborhood all sense an event they need to transmit information about. Furthermore, in many sensor network applications, it is sufficient if a subset of the nodes that observe the same event report it. Sift is a medium access protocol for wireless sensor networks designed with the above observations in mind.
Sift is a randomized CSMA protocol, but unlike previous protocols, does not use a time-varying contention window from which a node randomly picks a transmission slot. Rather, to reduce the latency for the delivery of event reports, Sift uses a fixed-size contention window and a carefully-chosen, non-uniform probability distribution of transmitting in each slot within the window.